One of the most curious omissions is that of the role of women in society. On the subject of taking risks, he carries on far too long a metaphor about taking shots in hockey. Abstract: Reveals that traditional societies around the world offer an extraordinary window into how our ancestors lived for the majority of human history in evolutionary terms. At its most interesting, such as the health chapter, Diamond marshalls an array of facts while stepping out maybe a bit too far his theory as to why European-descended populations have relatively low rates of diabetes given a Western diet is intriguing but the presented evidence is a bit flimsy. However, Diamond does contend that there are many areas wherein traditional practices represent an improvement over how we do things in the modern world, and that these practices could and should be incorporated into our modern way of life both at the personal and societal level. Không phải chỉ về xã hội truyền thống, tác giả thực sự đã xây dựng nên một bức tranh bao quát về nhiều lĩnh vực với vô vàn thứ đáng học hỏi trong cuộc sống.
Besides that motive of fascination, our other motive for wanting to know about them is that we can learn things from them that may be useful for our own lives. I only say that since that is why I included it in my now three months of reading books from and about New Guinea. There is a lot of long-winded explanation of things that any high school student probably knows languages are disappearing - people are fat - religious people sometimes go to war! Graeber, for me, is far more important and relevant for understanding contemporary society. Yet for nearly all of its six million years of existence, human society had ne of these things. D yaşam tarzına geçerek bu görece yeni ve insanların alışkın olmadığı sorunlarla mücadele etmek zorunda kalmışlardır. Yayınevi için de küçük bir notum var: Redaksiyon pek iyiyken son iki bölümde aksıyor.
Diamond does that and more. It is these things that we stand to gain by learning about traditional societies, and it is this very project that geographer Jared Diamond takes up in his new book The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies? Being in New Guinea is for me like seeing an otherwise gray world briefly in bright colors. The bestselling author of Collapse and Guns, Germs and Steel surveys the history of human societies to answer the question: What can we learn from traditional societies that can make the world a better place for all of us?. Childhood games often have sexual overtone. Societies like those of the New Guinea Highlanders remind us that it was only yesterday, in evolutionary time, when everything changed, and that we moderns still possess bodies and social practices often better adapted to traditional than to modern conditions.
Diamond doesn't romanticize traditional societies--after all, we are shocked by some of their practices--but he finds that their solutions to universal human problems such as child rearing, elder care, dispute resolution, risk, and physical fitness have much to teach us. So he has to tell us that he just said this. He ends with observations about the fate of traditional societies today which points to where we ourselves may be heading. But the explicit drawing of lessons from traditional societies soon ends, leaving the reader to draw their own conclusions, and from here the book is an excellent and flowing read. It reads like the book he's always wanted to write. The last third especially just seems like Diamond spouting off about nutrition and education with very little tied back to the supposed theme of the book.
First, Diamond confronts cultural diversity head-on. D32 D53 2012 Location Stacks. It has sections of research picked almost randomly in support of alternately prudent and ridiculous opinions. Its subject is vast, yet his focus is often very narrow. One difference about this book to his previous is that this work is a co Four stars for content, 3 stars for style. Friends, enemies, strangers, and traders Boundary ; Mutually exclusive territories ; Non-exclusive land use ; Friends, enemies, and strangers ; First contacts ; Trade and traders ; Market economies ; Traditional forms of trade ; Traditional trade items ; Who trades what? As for his discussion on the origins of paranoia, he views it as a largely beneficial construct, as there are indeed many things out there which could kill you.
İkinci ve en önemli negatif nokta ise yayıncının ve çevirmenin hataları. At the same time, we westerners have a sense in our environment of what is and is not dangerous as well. I liked many parts of it, but overall it's unquestionably a step down from his past 2, even though it clearly seems to be a more heartfelt book. However, the differences between them are actually minor compared to the differences among traditional societies, which constitute thousands of different experiments in how to organize a human society. He describes some 15 or 16 alternate theories for religion, but again only analyzes two. An adversarial court preceding is a bad way to resolve these issues.
Format Book Published New York : Viking, c2012. We certainly take it for granted that we can stop the car in any small town in America, get out, and walk around with really a very low chance of any problem. Image from The World Until Yesterday. Most of these languages are only spoken never written and he never explains why there is any harm at the loss of a language after the last speaker dies. Societies like those of the New Guinea Highlanders remind us that it was only yesterday, in evolutionary time, when everything changed, and that we moderns still possess bodies and social practices often better adapted to traditional than to modern conditions. Diamond to tell me which was the right way but he rarely takes sides, except on the easily apparent, which I appreciated. A return to a diet and active lifestyle that more closely resembles that of our ancestors could result in significant improvements in health.
Not only are his accounts fascinating, they will ring true to all who have experience with hunter-gatherer cultures. The missing segment being East Asia. If he is not an activist for indigenous political rights, he is neither a true opponent; he just takes a realist's view that everyone will come into the orbit of state society sooner or later. If you like anthropology and history you'll like this. The topics of his comparison are extremely broad, occasionally overlapping, and range from trite to tremendous. The title is a comment that, in the context of history, we all, until recently, lived in traditional societies and Diamond describes key elements of that lifestyle.
Her sosyolog, antropolog, kültür ve sanat tarihçisinin okuması, kütüphanesinde bulundurması gereken bir eser diye düşünüyorum. The transition from our traditional hunting and gathering lifestyle, to early farming and herding , to civilization as we know it now which, on an evolutionary time-scale, occurred but yesterday has certainly brought with it some very impressive benefits. This is Youngor an attempt to implement the transfer of overseas industrial base. He explains that there are 7000 languages, and the median language spoken by few thousand people. I was underwhelmed by this book.